The Invention of Hugo Cabret - written and illustrated by Brian Selznick - is a historical-fiction novel. The author uses over half of the book's 533 pages for pictures, relying on both text and pictures to tell the story. On the official site Selznick describes the book as "not exactly a novel, not quite a picture book, not really a graphic novel, or a flip book or a movie, but a combination of all these things."
Georges Méliès (full name: Marie-Georges-Jean Méliès), was a cutting-edge French filmmaker famous for leading the way in many technical and narrative developments in the earliest days of cinematography. He was a pioneer in the use of special effects, paving the way for future advances in the industry.
He discovered the stop trick, or substitution, by accident in 1896, and was one of the first filmmakers to use such effects as time-lapse photography, scene-dissolves, multiple exposures, and hand-painted colorization.